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Note: State and county level data are from the latest (2007) census. The next census will be in 2012.

Wisconsin Crop Weather Report

Issued November 18 for Week Ending November 17, 2019

Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates

The Wisconsin Crop Weather Report is updated weekly by the Wisconsin Agricultural Statistical Service.

Vol. 19, No. 34

Unseasonable Cold Continued

Wisconsin had 4.2 days suitable for fieldwork for the week ending November 17, 2019, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. Last week’s unseasonable cold continued into the beginning of this week with overnight lows in the single digits and daytime highs below freezing. Snow and sleet midweek marked a transition to milder temperatures and rain for the weekend. Reporters in many parts of the state noted that the ground was now frozen, facilitating access to wet fields. A few reporters in southern and eastern Wisconsin said that the frost depth was insufficient to support machinery, however, and some locations had enough snow on the ground to interfere with harvesting. Grain moistures remained unfavorably high due to the cold, wet conditions. The corn silage and soybean harvests were struggling to wrap up, while corn for grain was picking up pace. Some farmers were taking crops as quickly as possible, while others were delaying work to save on drying costs. Tillage and manure incorporation had largely halted.

Topsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 0 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 32 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture condition was rated 0 percent very short, 1 percent short, 69 percent adequate and 30 percent surplus.

Wisconsin Crop Conditions
Item V-Poor Poor Fair Good Excellent
Percent
Corn 4 9 22 44 21
Winter wheat 4 9 34 35 18
Source: USDA, NASS, Wisconsin Field Office.

Ninety-three percent of corn was reported mature. Harvest of corn for grain was 44 percent complete, 21 days behind last year and 18 days behind the 5-year average. Corn condition was 65 percent good to excellent, 2 percentage points below last week. Corn for silage harvest was 95 percent complete. The moisture content of corn harvested for grain was reported at 24 percent.

Soybean harvest was 77 percent complete, 14 days behind last year and 20 days behind the average.

Winter wheat was 84 percent planted. Sixty percent of winter wheat had emerged, 24 days behind last year and 25 days behind the average.

The fourth cutting of alfalfa hay was 92 percent complete.

Fall tillage was reported as 36 percent complete, 14 days behind last year and 21 days behind the average.

Wisconsin Crop Progress
Crop and percent
of acreage
District Average State Average
NW NC NE WC C EC SW SC SE This
Year
Last
Week
Last
Year
5-year
Average
Alfalfa hay, fourth cutting 86 88 98 96 86 85 96 97 93 92 91 100 100
Corn mature 94 94 96 88 92 87 93 98 94 93 89 100 99
Corn harvested for grain 44 31 31 36 39 32 58 56 38 44 30 78 77
Corn harvested for silage 95 86 99 93 96 95 98 99 98 95 92 100 99
Fall tillage 47 21 18 28 42 39 42 34 46 36 31 56 64
Soybeans harvested 90 68 65 90 79 63 78 75 78 77 71 90 95
Winter wheat planted 89 94 70 71 76 86 84 78 93 84 80 98 98
Winter wheat emerged 86 91 41 58 67 60 54 48 87 60 55 87 91
n.a. = not available

Selected Quotes from Farm Reporters and County Ag Agents
All comments are used in creating this report, but only a few are published below.

NW—BARRON-T.B.: Cold but mostly dry conditions helped growers make progress on grain harvest. Yields reported average to good, but moisture levels continue to drop slowly. Fall tillage, soil sampling, and manure injection have become impossible.

NW—RUSK-G.P.: Slow harvest this week. Soybeans and silage are done, high moisture corn harvest is ongoing. Corn for dry grain going very slow; moistures are still quite high and with low commodity prices and high drying costs farmers are not in a hurry to start bringing it in. Test weights are poor this year, too much rain and not enough heat. Some snow on the ground but not really enough to cause problems.

NC—CLARK-R.H.: Ground is frozen at this time and there may not be much fall tillage going forward. Corn silage harvest continues, as some late planted corn is harvested for fodder. There is some hay being cut and harvested also with some snow. Soybeans are still coming in, but should be near the end.

WC—ST CROIX-J.L.: Ground is frozen now. Snow and cold slowed down harvest. Propane shortage negatively affecting farmers as well.

WC—TREMPEALEAU-L.N.: Not much progress being made on corn harvest. Yields disappointing. Within fields finding varying moisture contents and maturity causing issues with drying. Some soybeans left to harvest and most of the corn on heavy ground is too wet to harvest. Test weights in question also.

C—PORTAGE/WOOD-J.W.: Feeding cattle and manure hauling were the major activities this week. Hauling sand and flooding of some cranberry beds for bud protection were the major cranberry marsh activities.

EC—DOOR/KEWAUNEE-A.B.: Some farmers are still trying to make corn silage despite its condition. Moistures are running around 50-55 percent, but most of the moisture is in the stalk. Feed shortages will be a problem, as most did not harvest fourth crop hay and corn silage quality is not great. Most cover crops and winter wheat were not planted either. Snow cover is light and isn't a problem for fieldwork, but a frozen top layer with soggy wet ground below it is making for continued messy fieldwork. There's still quite a bit of manure to haul, so there is still a lot to do before the end of the year.

EC—MANITOWOC-M.R.: Saw a couple farms still chopping corn silage this past week and some hay being chopped. Fair amount of corn and soybeans still in the fields but progress is being made on harvesting.

SW—VERNON-K.L.: We have 4-5 inches of frost now, temps below normal and rain and snow at times. There are still beans around the county that need to be harvested. Corn harvest continues and corn has been running from 17-22 percent moisture.

SC—ROCK-C.O.: Weather has prevented harvest of soybeans, but corn harvest progressing very slowly. Corn harvest hampered by moisture in the crop and in the fields. Very little tillage being done, and very little fall applied fertilizer going on. The other issue is making bedding from corn stalks. Snow cover is not helping.

SE—WALWORTH-N.W.: More wet conditions to contend with. Corn is high in moisture and low in test weight. A lot of soybeans are left to harvest yet. Not very many wheat acres planted due to the soybeans still standing. Hopefully the heavy snow stays away.

Wisconsin Weekly Weather, Selected Cities
Ending as of 7:00 am on November 17, 2019

City Temperature Growing degree days
(modified base 50) 1/
Precipitation
Avg max Avg min High max Low min Avg Avg
dep from normal*
Mar 1 to Nov 16 Mar 1 to Nov 16
normal*
Last week Since
Sep 1
Sep 1
dep from normal*
Year
To Date
Year
dep from normal*
Eau Claire 30 17 44 2 24 -10 2604 2595 0.04 11.20 +4.16 41.76 +11.50
Green Bay 30 17 39 8 23 -13 2623 2452 0.28 14.73 +8.22 44.43 +17.67
La Crosse 34 20 44 6 27 -11 3277 2948 0.03 11.41 +4.74 41.86 +11.75
Madison 30 16 41 4 23 -14 2944 2917 0.20 13.88 +7.40 45.37 +15.13
Milwaukee 32 20 42 9 26 -14 2915 NA 0.21 14.20 +7.03 43.14 +11.88


T = Trace. n.a. = not available.
1/Formula used: GDD = (Daily Maximum (86°) + Daily Minimum (50°)) / 2 - 50° where 86° is used if the maximum exceeds 86° and 50° is used if the minimum falls below 50°. Explanation.
*Normal based on 1971-2000 data.
Data from the NCEP/NOAA Climate Prediction Center
For more weather data, please reference the following sites: http://www.noaa.gov/ http://www.aos.wisc.edu/~sco/ http://www.cocorahs.org/ http://www.weather.gov/

This report has been made possible through the cooperative efforts of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection, and the National Weather Service.

For climate normals and growing season data for a specific Wisconsin county, first go to our Wisconsin County Home Page, then select your county, then click on the Climate Table link in the left margin for that county.

Current Crop Report with Graphics at USDA

Wisconsin Agricultural Statistical Service

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